Herzl Important Dates

1860

Herzl is born in Budapest, the second capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

1866

Herzl joins the Jewish school run by the Budapest Jewish community.

 

1870

Herzl attends the “Realschule” (Technical School) in Budapest.

1873

Herzl celebrates his bar mitzvah with an aliyah to the Torah.

1874

Herzl founds a literary society called “Wir” (We), in an effort to instill more German culture among its members. It was through this club that Herzl published his early works.

1876

Herzl attends a Protestant high school.

1878

Herzl’s sister, Pauline, dies and the family moves to Vienna immediately afterwards. That same year, Herzl begins studying law at the University of Vienna.

1880

Herzl joins the student fraternity “Albia,” which was a German nationalist organization.

1883

Herzl protests anti-Semitic outbursts from a fellow member of “Albia” at an evening in memory of composer Richard Wagner. In the wake of this incident Herzl resigned from the fraternity.

1884

Herzl receives his doctorate in law. He decides not to work as a lawyer, but instead becomes a reporter and writer of plays and literature.

1891

Herzl is sent to Paris as a reporter for the Austrian liberal newspaper Neue Freie Presse. He remains in Paris until July 1895. During his time there Herzl is exposed to various forms of anti-Semitism and begins to conceive of different ways to resolve the Jews’ distress.

1894

In October, a Jewish officer, Alfred Dreyfus, is accused of spying against his country. Herzl reports on the trial for his paper in Vienna. As part of his job Herzl was present in the courtroom when Dreyfus was found guilty and was sentenced to life imprisonment, and was also present during the public ceremony when Dreyfus had his captain’s rank ripped from his uniform. He heard the French mobs cry out “Death to the traitor!” and “Death to the Jews!”

1895

Herzl returns to Vienna as a feuilleton editor for theNeue Freie Presse, a post he would continue to hold evenafter becoming leader of the Zionist Movement.

1896

Herzl’s book Der Judenstaat is published.

1897

The first Zionist Congress is convened in Basel and the “Basel Program” is formulated.

1898

Herzl meets with the German Kaiser Wilhelm II in order to gain his support for the idea of Jewish settlement in Eretz Israel.

1901
º The first office of the Jewish Colonial Trust is founded in London, as an instrument for Zionist economic and political activity.
º The Jewish National Fund is established as a national fund whose goal is to purchase land in Eretz Israel using money raised by the Jewish people.
1902
Publication of Herzl’s novel, Altneuland, in which Herzl envisions the Jewish State as it would be in 1923.
Herzl meets with the Turkish Sultan Abd al-Hamid in order to obtain permission for Jews to come and settle in Eretz Israel and Syria.
1903
The “Anglo-Palestine Company” is founded as a subsidiary of the Jewish Colonial Trust. This company will later become Bank Leumi Le-Israel.
1904
Herzl dies.